The Palestinian people have not stopped making sacrifices —through resistance actions and popular uprisings— since the beginning of Zionist aggression against Palestine.
They have persevered despite being stabbed in the back on several occasions through official Arab interference and internal intrigue, such as the termination of Great Intifada (1987 at 1993) by a group within the leadership of the PLO when the Oslo Agreements were signed in 1993 at the expense of resolutions of Palestinian unanimity made in the National Council prior to 1991 peace talks held in Madrid.
After the difficult years that preceded the Oslo Agreements and running into a dead end in resolving Zionist occupation, the Intifada of Independence and Freedom was launched in 2000. During this action the Palestinian people offered, and continue to offer, large sacrifices while confronted with destruction, blockade and famine. There have been dozens of martyrs and thousands of our people wounded and imprisoned. Nonetheless, the Palestinian people caused enormous losses against the Israeli enemy's lines despite the savagery of their modern military machinery and their use of poisonous substances and enriched uranium, in addition to the direct occupation of the Palestinian territories.
This enemy and its strategic ally, the pro-Zionist US government, came to the conclusion that military solutions are not viable, in spite of all the intents and maneuvers that they use. They have sabotaged all attempts to implement international resolutions relating to the Palestinian cause; these proposals advocate the creation of a Palestinian state formed from all of the territories occupied in 1967 and the guarantee of the right of Palestinian refugees to return to their land.
After six years of the current Intifada (and with the US wars against Afghanistan and Iraq; the Zionist in Lebanon; continuous attacks against the Palestinian people on the West Bank, the Gaza Strip and in Jerusalem; the international blockade under orders of the United States; and the famine inflicted on our people), we are witnessing the region confronted with a global war directed by Bush and his military forces. For them such a war represents an escape in the face of increasing resistance in Iraq, Afghanistan and Palestine and the victory achieved by the Lebanese resistance against the Zionist forces.
The conclusions and lessons of the Palestinian Intifada demonstrate that the events in the struggle of the Palestinian people reaffirm the following:
- If the solutions to put an end to the Arab-Israeli conflict do not take into account the legitimate national rights of the Palestinian people, the Middle East will not achieve peace and stability.
- The readiness of the Palestinian people to sacrifice themselves and to continue their combative march until the dawn of independence and their return —still to reach its height— is not affected by any of the operations of repression and blockade; to the contrary, they increase the people’s conviction that there is no route to independence and return that is not along a path of national unity, a united program, resistance and the Intifada.
- The Palestinian cause, and its Intifada, is in the final phase – close to the desired solution. This means that the international community, including United States and Israel, will be forced to recognize the necessity of creating a Palestinian state and guarantee a solution for the return of its children.
- The conflict at this time revolves around the characteristics of that state and the form in which to resolve the issue of the refugees. For that reason the expression of "the final phase", although it seems an approach to the solution, the reality is that the dangers stay surrounding to the same solution, what means, a confrontation increment, crash and resistance and a quick of the events, something that demands at Palestinian internal level, the invigoration of the unit, the caution and to consolidate the position.
- National salvation resides in the execution and application of the National Reconciliation Document, which guides the Palestinian struggle. This has become an important arm of the people and their forces, far from turning to non-democratic methods to solve internal differences.
The execution of the Document requires the following:
- To create a Palestinian government of national unity that embraces all parliamentary blocks and national figures. A government that commits to what is agreed to in the National Reconciliation Document with a concrete work agenda that puts an end to the absolutism of power and works to lift the economic blockade imposed on the Palestinian people.
- To execute that agreement made between Palestinians in Cairo in March 2005; to activate, develop and reconstruct the PLO and to form a National Council through elections based on the total percentage representation in the homeland and in the diaspora.